Pszczyna Castle – former stronghold of Piast dynasty

Pszczyna DSC 8202 mini
Photos | Comments
Visiting Pszczyna

The Pszczyna Castle and the town of Pszczyna as well are places definitely worth visiting. First of all, it is one of the best preserved buildings of this type in Poland. In addition, the surroundings of the castle and the castle itself are simply beautiful. History lovers will not be bored here either, the fate of this castle is a real spectrum of diversity. ­čÖé

Castle on the trade route

Pszczyna, located in Upper Silesia on the edge of the Pszczyna Forest, was probably founded in the second half of the 13th century. There were several theories about the origins of the townÔÇÖs name. It is currently believed that Pszczyna is a transformation of the previous Plszczyna, the ancient Slavic word for a place full of water.

Pszczyna Castle
Castle Park

In the Middle Ages, the city was the seat of the castellany. The first written records date from 1303. The first castle of the Piast dynasty existed here already in the twelfth century. Built next to the ford through the small but surrounded by marshlands Pszczynka river, it was guarding the trading route from Krakow towards the Moravian Gate.

Successive rulers

Over the centuries, the Pszczyna Land has undergone variable vicissitudes under successive rulers. In the Middle Ages, it belonged to Lesser Poland and only in 1178 prince Casimir II the Just ceded the land to the prince of Racib├│rz Mieszko Pl─ůtonogi, another Piast dynasty prince. The Piast princes of the Opole-Racib├│rz line ruled the Pless territories between 1178 and 1336, and later Premyslids ÔÇô Opavian princes (1336-1480) and the Cieszyn Piasts (1480-1517).

The Stronghold of Piast dynasty
The bench of Princess Daisy

In 1407, John II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor (Jan II Żelazny) separated from his lands Pless with the surrounding area as a lifetime property of his wife, Helena of Lithuania (Helena Korybutówna), niece of Władysław II Jagiełło, the king of Poland.

Pszczyna Castle

In the first half of the 15th century the Gothic castle was built as a two-wing building connected by walls with towers and surrounded by a moat. The remains of the original castle are the medieval vaults under the west wing.

Market Square

Over the centuries it has been remodelled and expanded several times. The last owners of the castle were the von Hochberg family from Ksi─ů┼╝ (1846-1945), in 1850 raised to the rank of princes von Pless. Then, in 1870-1876, the last reconstruction of the castle was carried out according to the design of the French architect Hyppolite Alexandre Destailleur in the spirit of Baroque French architecture.

Silesian Uprising

During the First World War, the German chief of staff held his headquarters in the Pszczyna castle. In August 1919, the First Silesian Uprising broke out on the Pszczyna Land. However only in 1921 as a result of the plebiscite and the Third Silesian Uprising, the land of Pszczyna returned to Poland.


Photographs of Pszczyna Castle

  • Pszczyna DSC 8206 mini
  • Pszczyna DSC 8202 mini
  • Pszczyna DSC 7691 mini
  • Pszczyna DSC 7671 mini
  • Pszczyna DSC 7665 mini
  • Pszczyna DSC 8194 mini
  • Pszczyna DSC 8181 mini

If you like my photos, the story sounds interesting, or maybe IÔÇÖve inspired you to explore the world, feel free to like my page and leave a comment ­čÖé or even visit my YouTube channel ­čÖé

Carly BB

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *