Kozłówka Palace as a Historical Monument
The Kozłówka Palace is located in the Lublin Voivodeship in eastern Poland, about 30 km from Lublin. Until the Second World War it was the residence of the owners of large estates. By a twist of fate, it came out unscathed from the turmoil of war and the difficult communist times, unlike countless other Polish cities and palaces, which unfortunately were not so lucky. Preserved almost unchanged, in 2007, in accordance with the decree of the President of the Republic of Poland, the Kozłówka Palace was recognized as a Historical Monument.
Residence of the Bieliński family, and later the Zamoyski family in Kozłówka
The village of Kozłówka was part of a large estate, the main center of which was Dys, and later Kamionka. At the beginning of the 15th century, the owners of this property were the Tęczyński family, then the Oleśnicki family and some other aristocratic families. At the beginning of the 18th century, the heiress of the property, Tekla Pepłowska, brought the dowry to the marriage with Michał Bieliński, the voivode of Chełmno. During the Saxon times, Michał’s father and later his brother held the highest office of the Grand Marshal of the Crown in the Republic of Poland.
After the wedding, in 1736-1742, the spouses Michał and Tekla built a new baroque residence for themselves, a palace in Kozłówka. In 1799, their son Franciszek sold the Kozłówka property to Aleksander August Zamoyski, the 11th ordinate in Zamość. The palace and the entire Kozłówka estate remained in the hands of the Zamoyski family until 1944.
Konstanty Zamoyski obtained the status of ordinance for the property, thanks to that the Kozłówka goods were excluded from the normal inheritance law, i.e. they could not be encumbered with a loan, sold or divided. Konstanty, who settled in the Kozłówka Palace after his marriage to Aniela Potocki, rebuilt the palace into the representative seat of the family (he set up, among others, water supply and sewage systems).
The last owner of the Kozłówka Palace – Aleksander Zamoyski
The last owner of the Kozłówka Palace was Aleksander Zamoyski, three times decorated with the Cross of Valor, and later with the Virtuti Militari Cross (for participating in the battles with Russia in 1920). During World War II, he supported Polish underground organizations, for which he was arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned in the concentration camp in Auschwitz.
Aleksander’s wife Jadwiga looked after the property during the war. In order to protect the most valuable souvenirs, medallions, porcelain and collected works of art, she took them to Warsaw. Unfortunately, all this property was destroyed during the bombing of the capital. Jadwiga and her children finally decided to flee Kozłówka for fear of the approaching Red Army. Around 20 July 1944, the Kozłówka Palace was occupied by the Soviet army and for some time served as the headquarters of the commander.
Today, exceptionally beautiful interiors simply delight. However, it cannot be forgotten that this is only a substitute for the former beauty of Poland, the country on the Vistula River…
Photographs of the Kozłówka Palace
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